$FCEL | Development of kW-Scale Protonic Ceramic Fuel Cells and Systems Recent progress in the performance of intermediate temperature (500–600°C) protonic ceramic fuel cells (PCFCs) has demonstrated both fuel flexibility and increasing power density that approach commercial application requirements. Under the U.S. DOE ARPA-E REBELS program, the Colorado School of Mines (Mines), in collaboration with Fuel Cell Energy (FCE), is developing durable, kW-scale PCFC stacks and system concepts. Results from cell scale-up efforts are reviewed. Several cells have been tested for over 6,000 hours, and we demonstrate excellent performance and exceptional durability (<1.5%/1,000 hours in most cases) across all fuels without any modifications in the cell composition or architecture. The success of scale-up efforts towards commercially viable, kW-scale cell platforms is given, inclusive of short stack test results. https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1149/09101.0997ecst/pdf
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